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Interplanetary linked computing: separating Merkle Computing from blockchain computational courts

Simon de la Rouviere
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The Future of Computational Courts

A Blockchain Computer has two parts: a Merkle Computer, which is a way to verify code execution, and a Computational Court, which enforces code execution. Because these are part of the same system, computational courts have no nuance and only two options: valid or invalid. 

How blockchain works now

  • Blockchains have these two systems integrated and coexisting with one another, enabling execution enforcement concurrently with execution.
  • This allows for decentralized systems.

If we want to separate them:

  • To separate the Computational Court from the Merkle Computer one can use the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS). 
  • This would enable the Computational Court to exist as a separate entity from the Merkle Computer, and would audit the calculations at specific intervals. 
  • Because this enforcement of execution only occurs intermittently, the energy and bandwidth that it takes to satisfy typical Blockchain transactions would be reduced.
  • Having IPFS would not require all computers to include the verification, but rather the system can be conducted separately from a larger system (i.e. on a different planet other than Earth). 

Another potential solution

  • Divide Merkle Computers from Computational Courts. This is a scenario where there is an arbitrator that is introduced, such as Ethereum. The arbitrator would retain the final decision and determine whether or not there is a “cheater.” Computational Courts are efficient and effective, and have the ability to improve in both efficacy and accuracy of blockchain transactions.
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